5TH QTR Mr. Lewis- RA- Mid-term

Question Answer
the vomer is located in the nasal cavity
which bony structure divides the length of the ear into halves the zygomatic arch
the general shape of the nasal cavity is pear shaped
divides the parietal bones sagittal suture
the bony structures that create the widest part of the face zygomatic arches
the foramen magnum is an opening in the occipital bone
the mastoid process is a bony landmark of the temporal bone
the sternocleidomastoid muscles create the widest part of the neck
the vertical portion of the mandible is the ramus
the care of the deceased to create natural form and color is the definition of restorative art
the widest part of the cranium lies between the parietal eminences
the study of the face and its features is called physiognomy
divides the parietal and occipital bones lambdoid suture
the anterior 1/3 of the cranium frontal bone
the eminence located between the eyebrows glabella
how many bones make up the cranium 8
the small bony eminence at the median line of the chin is called mental eminence
setting features would be considered minor restorative art
the thickest and most spongy part of the maxilla, also containing the sockets for the teeth alveolar process
supercilium is a term associated with which facial feature the eye
known as the "common elevator" levator labii superioris
how many bones make up the face 14
the strongest chewing muscle temporalis
also known as the trumpeters muscle buccinator
a thin layer of muscle covering the anterior aspect of the neck platysma
from the side view of the head there are three basic forms of facial profile verticalconvexconcave
the profile view types denote or describe the relationships of the forehead (above the eyebrows)upper lipand chin
the nose is not included in the description of the side view of the facial profile
the forehead is described by its direction from the eyebrow upward
the chin is described by its relationship to the upper lip
the vertical profile one in which the forehead, upper lip, and chin, project to an imaginary vertical line
the convex profile the most common profile
the convex profile the upper and lower parts of the convex arc reveal that the forehead recedes from the eyebrows to the hairlinethe chin recedes from the projection of the upper lip
the concave profile the least common type of profile
the concave profile the upper part of the concave arc reveals a protrusion of the forehead from the eyebrows to the hairlinethe lower part of the arc shows the chin protruding farther than the upper lip
how many variations of the three basic forms are created by combining the pairs six variations for a total of nine
profiles are named by two terms- the first term always refers to the description of the forehead
profiles are named by two terms- the final term always refers to the relationship of the upper lip and chin
the convex-concave profile describes a forehead which recedes from the eyebrow to the hairlinea chin which protrudes more than the upper lip
the concave-convex profile describes a forehead which protrudes from the eyebrow to the hairline a chin that recedes from the projection of the upper lip
the vertical-convex profile describes a vertical forehead a chin that recedes from the projection of the upper lip
the vertical-concave profile describes a vertical foreheada chin that protrudes more than the upper lip
the convex-vertical profile describes a forehead which recedes from the eyebrow to the hairlinethe upper lip and chin project equally to a vertical line
the concave-vertical profile describes a forehead which protrudes from the eyebrow to the hairline the upper lip and chin project equally to a vertical line
three major types of profiles vertical convexconcave
convex profile most common
concave profile least common
all types of profiles convex-concave concave-concavevertical-convexvertical-concaveconvex-verticalconcave-vertical
the human head has lengthwidth a degree of curvature
there are seven major head shapes oval roundsquareoblongtriangularinverted trianglediamond
oval the most common type of head shape
oval it is egg shaped it is not a perfect oval the cranium is slightly wider than the jaw
oval the cranium is semi-circular in shape the jaw is gently curved
round the infantine head shape
round the jaw line cranium and hairline usually repeat this curvethe full convex form of the features are harmonious and symmetrical
round forehead is low and broadthe cheeks are full and prominent
square length and width appear to be similarbroad with very little curvature
square described as strong the forehead is widethe angle of the jaw is widethe chin is broad and dominant
oblong long and narrow
oblong similar contours are found throughout the body
oblong hollow cheeksforehead is narrow and highlower jaw may be either oval or square
triangular the least common form
triangular wider at the jaw than across the forehead the jaw is broad and usually quite angular and square
inverted triangle a large rounded cranium wide at the forehead
inverted triangle narrow at the jaws jawline is either oval or angular
diamond wide across the cheekbones
diamond narrow at the forehead and jaw eyes are set wide apart nose is short and thin
the nose is the most dominant feature of the face
accurate restoration of size and form are more important to this feature than any other the nose
the dimensions and form of the nose are determined by the size of the nasal bones and dimensions of the nasal cavity
the nose is basically what shape pyramid
what feature generally has to be restored more than any other feature the nose
what feature more than any other displays family characteristics the nose
dorsum the anterior ridge of the nose
the dorsum consists of three parts 1)root2)bridge3)protruding lobe
root of the nose the concave dip below the glabella at the articulation of the frontal and nasal bones
the dome like structure over the upper part of the nasal cavity formed by the nasal bones bridge of the nose
protruding lobe the spherical area forming the inferior part of the dorsum
it adjoins the wings and the columna nasi the protruding lobe
columna nasi the partition between the nostrils
protruding lobe includes the tip of the nose which is the point of greatest projection
the wings are the lateral lobes of the nose which lie between the protruding lobe and the cheeks
arch of the wing the inferior margin of the wing which displays a concave arc
sides of the nose the bridgethe cheeksthe wings
nasal sulcus the angular depression located at the posterior margin of the wing and the superior end of the nasolabial fold
anterior nares the opening of the nostrils in the base of the nose
columna nasi the visible portion of the septum
columna nasi referred to as the superficial partition between the nostrils
also considered the most inferior part of the nose columna nasi
three profile views of the nose straightconcaveconvex
straight profile grecian
concave profile infantine
convex profile roman
the most common nose profile the greek aka the straight
the concave nose aka the infantinethe button nosethe snub nosethe retrouseethe pug nose
the convex nose aka the roman nose aka the aquiline nose
three racial classifications of the nose leptorrhineplatyrrhinemesorrhine
leptorrhine aka caucasian long straight and narrow
platyrrhine aka african american short and broad
mesorrhine aka mongoloid or asian intermediate or medium
line of lip closure line formed by the abutment of the lips
form of the line of lip closure classic hunting bow
mucous membranes visible red portion of each lip upper and lower
upper integumentary lip skin part of upper lip
lower integumentary lip skin part of lower lip
medial lobe tiny dipping fullness on the midline of the upper mucous membrane
philtrum shallow vertical groove on the midline of the upper integumentary lip
angulus oris eminence the oblique eminence caused by the muscles at either end of the line of mouth closure
nasal sulcus the small angular area between the wing of the nose and the cheek
nasolabial fold the anterior fold of the cheek which descends laterally along the upper lip from the wing of the nose
nasolabial fold natural marking
labiomental sulcus juncture of the lower integumentary lip and top of the chin
vertical lines the fine linear tracings running vertically on the mucous membrane
labial sulci the furrows of age extending vertically on the mucous membranes and integumentary lips
from smoking not natural lines labial sulci
in life what feature of the face is regarded as the major feature the eyes
shape of eye oval or almond
line of eye closure the slit formed by the meeting of the closed eyelids
line of eye closure located in the inferior 1/3 of the eye socket
the lateral end of the eye closure is both inferior and posterior to the medial end
line of eye closure often described as a gentle dipping curve
celia eyelashes
supercilium the eyebrow
superior and inferior palpebra upper and lower eyelids
when closed the eyelids should abut each other
when viewed from the profile the projection of the closed eyelids should not touch a straight instrument resting vertically across the upper and lower rims of the eye socket
inner canthus distinct triangular depression at the medial corner of each eye when openforms an elevation when closed
naso-orbital fossa concave depression found near the root of the nose
supraorbital area convex receding surface found between the supraorbital margin and the superior palpebra
orbital pouch an acquired puffy fullness found between the attached margin of the inferior palpebra and the oblique palpebral sulcus
common transverse sulcus horizontal furrow of the upper eyelid found approximately once quarter inch above the line of eye closure
linear sulci fine linear tracings extending horizontally across both upper and lower eyelids
superior palpebral sulcus the furrow of the upper attached margin of the eyelid
inferior palpebral sulcus the furrow of the lower attached margin of the eyelid
oblique palpebral sulcus a shallow curving groove originating below the inner canthus
optic facial sulci furrows that radiate from the outer canthus onto the side of the faceaka crows feet
crows feet optic facial sulci
ear aka pinna
pinna the visible part of the ear that resides outside of the head
the key to placement of the restored ear the external auditory meatus
this divides the ear into equal halves the zygomatic arch
an imaginary line drawn from what will assist in the restorative artist determining the angle or tilt of the ear the posterior margin of the ramus of the mandible
external auditory meatus opening passage of the ear
the ear is well supplied with blood giving it a reddish color
helix the outer rim of the ear
crus of the helix where the helix originatesrests directly on the origin of the zygomatic arch
anti helix inner rim of the ear
terminates in a bifurcation known as the crura anti helix
crura of the anti helix the two branches of the anti helixsuperioranterior
borders the triangular fossa crura of the anti helix
concha large concave shell of the central ear
marks the central 1/3 of the ear concha
deepest depression concha
tragus small wedge like prominenceprotrudes from the posterior margin of the cheek protects the ear passage
anti tragus small eminence of the upper margin of the lobelies posterior and inferior to the tragus
inter tragic notch notch like opening found between the tragus and intertragus
lobe principally composed of fatty tissue
forms the lower 1/3 of the ear the lobe
some ears are "lobeless"
scapha the elongated shallow depression between the helix and antihelix
shape of the ear is a wedge shape

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