Bio chapter 4 vocab chapter 4 vocab

Term Definition
ATP high energy molecule that contains energy
ADP Low energy molecule that can be converted to ADP
Chemosynthesis ATP is synthesized using chemicals as energy source
photosynthesis light energy is converted to chemical energy that can later produce sugar and oxygen
chlorophyll light absorbing pigment molecule
thylakoid membrane bound structure in chloroplast that contains chlorophyll
light dependent rxn part of photosynthesis that absorbs energy from sunlight
light independent rxn part of photosynthesis that uses energy absorbed during light dependent rxn
photosystem series of light absorbing pigments and proteins that capture and transfer energy
electron transport chain series of proteins that aid in converting ADP to ATP b y transferring electrons
ATP synthase adds a high energy phosphate group to ADP to for ATP
Calvin cycle organisms use energy to synthesize sugars from CO2
cellular respiration producing ATP by breaking down carbon based molecules when oxygen is present
aeorobic requires oxygen
glycolysis process when glucose is broken down and two net ATP are produced
anaerobic doesn't require energy
Krebs cycle process during cellular respiration that breaks down a carbon based molecule to produce molecules that are used in the electron transport chain
fermentation anaerobic process where ATP is produced from glycolysis
lactid acid product of fermentation.

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