Bio. Module 4 review Made for Biology Chapter 4 Test

Question Answer
Rhizoid Hyphae A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows.
Aerial Hyphae A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows.
Sporophore Specialized aerial hyphae that produces spores.
Stolon An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments.
Haustorium A hypha of a parasitic fungus that enters the host's cells, absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm.
Chitin A chemical that provides both toughness and flexibility.
Extracellular Digestion Digestion that takes place outside of the cell.
Mycelium The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food.
Hypha A filament of fungal cells.
Membrane A thin covering of tissue.
Fermentation The anaerobic breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules.
Zygospore A zygote surrounded by a hard, protective covering.
Zygote The result of sexual reproduction when each parent contributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring.
Antibiotic A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduces the reproduction rate of other organisms.
Basidiomycota Form sexual spores on club-like basidia
Ascomycota Form sexual spores in sac-like asci
Zygomycota Form sexual spores where hyphae fuse
Chytridiomycota Form spores with flagella
Deuteromycota Fungi with no known method of sexual reproduction
Myxomycota Fungi that look like protozoa for much of their lives
rusts or smuts cause crop damage
Claviceps purpurea ergot of rye- causes death
Cryphonectria parasitica chestnut blight
Ophiostoma ulmi Dutch elm disease
Synchytrium endobioticum potato wart

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