boone test 2

Question Answer
what can congress do? make war, pass laws, borrow money
what could congress NOT do? tax states, carry out laws, make trades between states
how did the states start acting? printed money, made armies, taxed goods
how many states had a bill of rights in their constitution? could the government take them away? 7, no
where did constitutional convention take place? philidelphia
what state did not send a delegate? Rhode Island
What happened to the Articles of Confederation at the Constitutional Convention? they were scrapped
what is a confederation An agreement between two or more parties
what did the delegates at the constitutional convention agree on? Have 3 branches, congress makes laws, executive had the power to carry out laws, judicial has power to judge, the power to raise money.
what did the delegates disagree on? How to set up branches, larger states wanted more voting power, smaller states wanted more power, what to do with slavery.
what is the great comprimise? Two houses of congress were created. All of the states have equal votes in the Senate
Describe the 3/5 Compromise South decided 3/5th of slaves would be counted as population so they could get more seats in congress
Describe the Slave Trade Compromise government given full control of trade but could not end slave trade for 20 years
How similar was the Constitution to other states’ Constitutions? very (true)
The plan for the government is divided into a series of what? articles
What are the opening words of the Constitution called? preamble
What are the branches of the government? Legislative – congressexecutive – presidentJudicial – court
What branch of the government is responsible for making laws? Legislative
What branch of the government is responsible for carrying out laws? Executive
What branch of the government is responsible for judging the laws? judicial
What principle gives each branch some power over the other branches? checks and balances
What is a change to the constitution called amendment
Before the constitution was law it had to be _______ ratified
What was the first set of amendments to the constitution called and how many amendments were there? bill of rights, 10
What group of people were in favor of the Constitution as it was written? What kinds of people were they mostly made up of? federalists. lawyers, doctors, wealthy merchants
List the names of the individuals who wrote the Federalist Papers. Alexander HamiltonJames MadisonJohn Jay
what types of people felt the constitution took too much power from the states? anti-fedralists (farmers, small business owners, townspeople)
what was the first state to vote in favor of the constitution delware
how many satets had to vote on the constitution for it to be a law. 9
what was a law called that does not follow the constitution? uncontitutional
how many ammendemts are in the constitution 27
how many amendment proposals have there been 6,000+
what is the highest law in the U.S. constitution
which laws must uphold the constitution state and federal laws (all)
what are examples of some laws that would be considered unconstitutional? raising voting age to 21, dictatorship, president making executive orders
what does legislative branch do? makes laws aka congress
what does executive branch do carries out laws aka president
what does judicial branch do judges laws
ammendments: sets up a way to change the constitution
supreme law constitutiion is highest law of the land
ratification sets up for states to vote
list principles of the constitution separation of power, rule of people, limited power, checks and balances, judicial review, federal government.
bail money or property given to ensure you will show up for court
suffrage right to vote
civil rights liberties of the people
ration a limit on the amount of something
poll tax fee chraged to register to vote.
1st amendment The government can't establish a national religion or prevent people from worshiping as they choose. Also guaranteed: the freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom to peacefully assemble, and the right to petition the government.
2nd amendment A well regulated militia is necessary to the security of the state. The right to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
3rd amendment Members of the military cannot force you to let them stay in your home during peace time, or in war, unless prescribed by law.
4th amendment Law enforcement must have a warrant, through probable cause, in order to search your property. This protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
5th amendment Protects the right to due process, from being tried twice for the same crime, and prohibits self-incrimination (you may remain silent).
6th amendment Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by a jury of impartial peers, and the right to a lawyer.
7th amendment Calls for jury trials in civil cases where a minimum amount of money is at stake. Originally was $20 but now is generally $75,000.
8th amendment Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment.
9th amendment Just because a right isn’t specified in the Constitution, doesn’t mean that you don’t have it.
10th amendment The federal government only has those powers that are given in the Constitution, by the people, giving the states the freedom to govern how they choose.
Study branch checks
rebellious farmers saw what as their biggest threat the debtor courts
what events pushed farmers to fully rebel the militia act, suspension of habeas corpus, riot act
why couldn't the federal government get involved with the rebellion? it was a "state" problem
how did the federalists and anti federalists compromise? by allowing the states and national gov to share power
what best defines habeas corpus you deserve your day in court
which bill of rights act would be violated if they put the riot act into place 1st it would rid the right to assemble
which bill of rights would be violated if they suspended habeas corpus? 6th you deserve to have a hearing in court
which of the bill of rights would be violated if congress enacted the militia act? 2nd , states you have a right to an army
executive over judicail can grant reprives and pardons for federal crimes
judicial over executive they are appointed for life
legislative over executive all the above
legislative over judicial can impeach and remove and remove federal judges
describe rule by the people the people hold the power
describe limited powers the government must not be too strong
describe separation of powers power is divided into legislative, judicial, executive
describe checks and balances each government breanch has power over the others
describe judicial review state courts throw out laws that go against the constitution
federal government the us government has some powers the states have some.

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