Mesopotamia Vocab

Question Answer
Fertile Crescent Located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, a large arch of fertile farmland
Irrigation the supply of water to fields using man made systems
Canal human-made waterways that carry water to land
Surplus more than is needed (usually used to describe a supply of food)
City-State consists of a city and all the countryside around it
Empire group of different lands and people governed by one ruler
Polytheism the worship/belief in many Gods
Priest people who perform religious ceremonies
Social Hierarchy the division of a society by rank or class
Cuneiform the world’s first writing system. Created by the Sumerians.
Pictograph picture symbols that represent a word or object
Scribe a writer
Ziggurat a temple for worshipping Gods
Hammurabi's Code Code – the first written laws! 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life
Famine an extreme lack of crops or food causing widespread hunger
Monarch one ruler
Alphabet a set of letters that can be combined to form words

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