Test 1 History Test 1 History

Term Definition
Federalism the federal principle or system of government.
Anti – Federalists refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
Separation of Powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Popular Sovereignty is the principal that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people
Checks and Balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Republicanism support for a republican system of government
Articles of Confederation the original constitution of the US , ratified in 1781 , which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789
1st Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of rights , prohibiting Congress from interfering with freedom of religion,speech,assembly, or petition
2nd Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of rights , guaranteeing the right to keep and bear arms as necessary to maintain a state militia
3rd Amendment an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of rights , guaranteeing that the forced quartering of soldiers in private homes would be prohibited in peacetime and allowed only by prescribed law during wartime
4th Amendment the right of people to be secure in their persons , houses , papers , and effects , against unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment no person shall be held to answer for a caption all , or otherwise infamous crime , unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury
6th Amendment is the section of the Bill of Rights that guarantees a citizen a speedy trial
7th Amendment In suits at common law , where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved
8th Amendment prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines , or cruel and unusual punishment
10th Amendment was included in the bill of rights to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states
Alexis De Tocqueville was a french diplomat, political scientist, and historian

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