Unit 4

La casa House
El bano Bathroom
El dormitorio Bedroom
La sala Living room
El comedor Dining room
La cocina The kitchen
El sotano Basement
La cama Bed
El sofa Sofa
El retrete Toilet
El lavamanos Sink
La mesa Table
La silla Chair
El fregadero Dishwasher
El horno Oven
La estufa Stove
Grande Big
Pequeno Small
Mediano Medium
Tiene

Voc.Phy/ChemProp/Rea

Term Definition
chemical change a change in matter in which the substances that make up the matter change into other substances with different chemical and physical properties.
melting point temperature at which a solid changes to a liquid
ductility the ability of a substance to to be pulled into thin wire
precipitate a solid that sometimes forms when two liquids combine
boiling point temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas
malleability the ability of a substance to be hammered or rolled into sheets
physical property a characteristic of matter that you can observe or measure without changing the identity of the matter
solubility the ability of one material to dissolve in another
chemical property the ability or inability of a substance to combine with or change into one or more new substances
physical change a change in the size, shape, form, or state of matter that does not change the matters identity of the matter

social studies climate

Term Definition
climate description of weather patterns over a long period of time (seasons)
precipitation moisture that falls to the earth example rain,snow,hail,sleet.
temperture the weather outside in degrees (exact number) ; different climates have different temperatures warm,cold,cool,hot
north Atlantic drift warm ocean current which makes western Europe have a mild climate for its latitude .
altitude elevation above sea level (higher the altitude =colder the temperture)
currents rivers of warm water from tropical climates flow to other areas this water causes the air above to become warmer
weather day to day or short term weather

ss

Question Answer
Sedimentary Rock Rocks that forms from material that has settled into layer and hardened. Ex.. Limestone, sandstone
Natural Resources Anything from nature that people can use
Reuse When you use something again
Fossil Fuel Fuel formed from the remains of once-living things. coal, oil, and natural gas.
Recycle When something is made into a product
Nonrenewable Resources A resource that, once used, cannot be replaces in a reasonable amount of time.
Reduce To use less of something
Pollution Any harmful substance in the environment
Conservation The use of led of something to make its supply last longer
Metamorphic Rock Rocks that have been changed by pressure and temperature. Ex.. gneiss, marble
Renewable Resources A resource that can be replaced within a reasonable amount of time
Igneous Rock Rocks that are formed when they are melted, cooled and hardened. Ex.. obsidian, granite

Science chp. 6

Term Definition
Deforestation Destroying and cutting down trees
Influences on Climate Oceans, cities, and mountains
Carbon dioxide Trees use it and human produce it when they burn fossil fuels
Temperate zones between the tropic and polar zones- temps. here are moderate-most of the U.S is one
Tilt of Earth causes the seasons
Polar region is the cold part of the Earth. It is winter here when it is summer on the other side of the earth
El Nino A climatic event that involves the tropical Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere
Climate the pattern of weather that occurs in an area over many years
Climate classification system determined by averaging the weather of a region over a long period of time
Glaciers a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles
Earth's Orbit Changes the shape of it changes on a 100,000 year cycle
Greenhouse effect Natural heating process that occurs when certain gases in Earth's atmosphere trap heat
Latitude runs North and south
The HIGHER the solar radiation- the HIGHER the temperature
Equator the warmest part of the earth
Hibernation When rodents or certain other mammals undergo a period of greatly reduced activity in winter
Tropics Receive the most solar radiation because the Sun shines almost directly over these areas
Desert The other side of the mountain in the rain shadow effect
Behavioral Adaptations Help the animal survive in a particular climate with its behavior
Reducing Carbon Dioxide carpoolplant more treesburn less fossil fuels

crusades

Question Answer
crusade 1 1097. Goals. not prepared to fight. was successull.. outcome: captured jersalem, won edessa, amd split into 4 fedual lands
crusade 2 114. goals. reorganized to capture edessa. not successful. gained nothing
crusade 3 1192 goals, recapture jers. from saladin. phillip II, federick&richards the lion-hearted. philip went home, fred. drowned and richarad was left alone. was a truce. jersualem still under muslim control. christains were allowed to enter holy city unarmed.
crusade 4 1204. goal: capture jerusalem. not successful. knights didnt reach holy land. ended up looting city of contaninople
crusade 5-8 1200s. recapture jerusalem. not successful. rligoius sirit of the 1st crusade faded and search for personal gain grew
chldren crusade 1212. conquer jersualem. kids from france and germany. thousands died in alps.pope told them to go home. 2000 survived. not successful. many young lives lost
spanish inquisition 1400s isabella ferdinand tried to unify thier counry under christainity to increase their power. was successful. converting muslimes to christianitny-did it using brutal tactics
goals of crusades 1. regain christian land 2. combine the churchs 3. make money
what did alexius commerius do was byzantine commenus. he asked the pope and the christians to fight against the muslims
where was gual france and switzerland
who lived monasteries? what did they do there? monks. devoted lives to god
who lived in convents? what did they do there? nuns. devoted lives to god
what did benedict and scholastica do benedict wrote a book on rules for monasteries and scholastica adapted same rules for women
pope gregory I (greogory the great) strenghtend the vision of christendom. raise armies, repaired roads, and helped the poor
secular power of or relating to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred. ivolved politics
what does major domo mean mayor of palace
who was charles martel (chalres the hammer) mayor of palace. extended the franks region defeated muslims
battle of tours charles defeated the muslims
pepin the short became king by had to fight the lombards
after louis the pious died what happend . empire was spilt up 3 kingsoms for each son
traty of verdun divided into three kingdoms
impact of vikings, magyars and ,muslim invaded europe
where did the fedeal system orginate from china
what is canon law chruch law in matters such as marriage and religoius practices. a body of religious law governing the conduct of members of a particular faith
how did a king receive an interdict? what is a interdict? interdict: sacraments and religoius services could not be performed on the kings land. without these the kings would burn in hell
Otto I ruler of medieeal germany. close alliance with the church
holy roman empire empire in europe
lay investure ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officals
concordat of worms chruch could appoint a bishop but the emporor could veto the appontment
reconquista seris of campaigns by christains states to recapture terriotr from the muslims
canon law church law in matters such as marriages and religoius purposes
what flows 3 times faster than a team of oxen horses
what is a guild organization of indivuals in the same business working to improve econmic and social conditions of its members
how did someone become a master owned his own shop, worked with other master to protect their trade, soemtimes served in civic government
common law unified body of law. laws that obtain to everyone on the manor
magna carts guaranteed certain basic poltical rights
parliament legislative group
estates-genernal in france was to help increase royal power aginst the nobility
great schism split of church
who fought in hundred years war and why engalnd and france bc couldnt decide for who to bge french king
tithe church tax
tournamnets monk battles
epic poem recounted a heros deeds and adventures
troubadour traveling poet-musicains at the castles and courts of europe
noble women inherit estates. send knights to war, military commander and warrior and defended castles
peasnts laborer, bore children and took care of their families
sacraments important religious ceremonies

force & motion

Term Definition
Acceleration equals the change in velocity divided by the time for the change to take place.
Momentum A measure of how difficult it is to stop a moving object
speed Equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to travel that distance
velocity Speed and direction of a moving object
Newton's first law of motion States that if the net force acting on an object will remain at rest or move in a straight line
Newton's second law of motion states that an object acted upon by a net force will accelerate in the direction of the force and that the acceleration equals the net force divided by the object mass
newtons third law of motion states that force s always act in equal but opposite pairs
balanced forces Two or more forces whose effects cancel each other out and and do not change the motion of an object
friction force that acts to opposite sliding between two surface that are touching
unbalanced forces two or more forces acting on an object that do not cancel and cause the object to accelerate

Science 12P3 Stella Science Quiz

Question Answer
What is transfer in Science? To pass from one place to another.
What is temperature? Measure of how hot or cold matter is.
What is water vapor? It is water in its gas state. (not liquid and not solid)
What does evaporate mean? When water dries up or goes into the air.(or changes from liquid to solid)
What is condensation? The change from gas to liquid.
What does dissolve mean? Solid becomes part of a liquid to form a solution.
What does melt mean? A process of a substance going from solid to liquid.

force and motion

Term Definition
Acceleration equals the change in velocity divided by the time for the change to take place; occurs when an object speeds up, slows down, or turns
Momentum a measure of how difficult it is to stop a moving object; equals the product of mass and velocity
Speed equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to travel that distance
Velocity speed and direction of a moving object
Newtons first law of motion states that if the net force acting on an object is zero, the object will remain at rest or move in a straight line with a constant speed.
Newtons second law of motion states that an object acted upon by a net force will accelerate in the direction of the force, and that the acceleration equals the net force divided by the objects mass
Newtons third law of motion states that forces always act in equal but opposite pairs
balanced forces two or more forces whose effects cancel each other out and do not change the motion of an object
Friction force that acts to oppose sliding between two surface that are touching
Unbalanced forces two or more forces acting on an object that do not cancel, and cause the object to accelerate

Med Term-Lesson 12

Term Definition
arter- artery
appendic- appendix
thyro- thyroid
splen- spleen
ovario- ovary
adreno- adrenal (gland)
basi- base
pelvi- pelvis
vena- vein
urethr- urethra
utero- uterus
sacro- sacrum
pharyng- pharnyx
duodendo- duodendum
ureter- ureter
laryng- larynx
bronch- bronchus
col- colon
esophag- esophagus
bi- two
tri three
ile- ileum
ili- ilium
lig- ligament
therap- therapy